Home / Diseases of the cardiovascular system / What is air embolism?

What is air embolism?

Symptoms

Air embolism has a fairly pronounced signs:

  • weakness in the limbs;
  • dizziness;
  • severe fatigue;
  • numbness or tingling in parts of body;
  • skin rash;
  • pain in the joints.

In addition, possible symptoms such as loss of consciousness, convulsions, and in more severe cases there may be paralysis. This happens when blockage of an artery of the brain a large air embolus.

Diagnosis

The diagnosis is based on examination of the patient. If the patient is conscious, he experiences the following symptoms: cough, pain in the heart area, shortness of breath, wheezing. Then may come a loss of consciousness. If the person is unconscious, the presence of embolism determined by such signs as tachycardia, hypotension, swelling of the jugular veins. In addition, conduct listening with a stethoscope, ECG, ultrasound, capnography, mass spectrometry, measurement of pressure in pulmonary artery and Central venous pressure.

With sudden death for the diagnosis is the test for air embolism. For this under water is carried out puncture of the right heart. A symptom of air embolism is the release of air bubbles from the heart chambers.

First aid

Required urgently call an ambulance and send the victim on treatment. But before that you need to hold some events. Correctly provided first aid is very important as how competently it is carried out depends on the life of the victim. To determine the ingress of air into the blood at the wound is possible by the characteristic sound heard as air is sucked into the wound. Finding the first signs of air embolism, it is necessary to put the patient and take care of the tightness of the wound: cover it airtight material and tape as tightly as possible.

Treatment

Air embolism requires the provision of rapid medical care, because it affects a person's life. The treatment is performed exclusively in hospital settings.

After delivery of the patient in hospital it is connected to the ventilator and perform a range of resuscitation. In the case of a successful resuscitation procedures, the treatment is successful, the embolism passes. Air bubbles dissolved in the blood and threats do not carry.

Prevention