Alcoholic cardiomyopathy and its treatment
The first signs of disease, abnormal heart rhythm, headaches, poor sleep. Then shortness of breath with exertion and congestion – swelling. Typically, patients deny their addiction and don't see the connection between these symptoms and alcoholism.
Typical symptoms of alcoholic cardiomyopathy:
- the redness of the skin;
- blue-purple nose with dilated blood vessels;
- tremor of the hands;
- redness of the eye and scleral icterus;
- the increase in body weight or sudden weight loss;
- talkativeness, excitement, restlessness.
Patients complain of shortness of breath, heart pain, insomnia, nocturnal dyspnea, palpitations, sensation of heat, excessive sweating, cold extremities. The examination revealed high blood pressure, tachycardia, arrhythmia. Alcohol impairs liver function, the result of it retains the blood. Violations occur in the kidneys, causing the body builds up fluid and the swelling are formed.
Three stages of the disease
Alcoholic cardiomyopathy begins gradually and for a long period of time can itself does not show. Initially such signs as shortness of breath, insomnia, palpitations, chest pain, sweating, you can watch only the next day after taking an impressive dose of alcohol. Gradually, the symptoms become constant companions of the patient and completely not like even on days of abstinence, the General condition is deteriorating.
There are three stages of the disease. In the first stage, which lasts about 10 years, increase heart not observed. The usual complaints for this period is causeless, at first sight, headaches, sleep disturbances, shortness of breath, dyspnea with exertion, palpitations, irritability.
The abuse of alcohol for more than 10 years, followed by a second stage of alcoholic cardiomiopatiei in which there is hypertrophy of the heart muscle. Cough and shortness of breath even with little physical exertion, swelling of the extremities, blueness of the ears, the fingertips, nose. During the inspection reveal muffled heart, arrhythmia, arterial hypertension. In addition, you can join diseases such as erosive gastritis, liver cirrhosis, stomach ulcers, and disorders of the kidneys. Usually, patients developing heart failure, which in severe cases leads to ascites.
The third stage is progressing at a fast pace cardio and irreversible changes in the anatomical structure of the myocardium.
Without complete abstinence from alcohol therapy will not yield any result. Therefore, it must be held with the participation of the doctor-psychiatrist, whose task is to reduce the craving for alcohol.