What is a heart defect (congenital and acquired)
Diagnosis of heart disease begins with examination of the pregnant woman. Listening to heart rate allows you to suspect a heart defect in the fetus. The woman is examined by experts on the subject of viability of the unborn child. Immediately after birth, neonatologists doctors examine the baby, listen baby heart murmur, watching the first hours and days of life. If necessary, transferred to care centres.
Clinical examination of children of preschool and school-age children includes a pediatric and auscultation of the heart. Upon detection unclear noise the children are sent to the cardiologist, they performed ECG and cardiac ultrasound (US) and major blood vessels. A more objective method of research of the cardiac noise is phonocardiography. Occurs the recording and subsequent decoding of the sounds. It is possible to distinguish functional from organic noise.
Ultrasound and Dopler echocardiography of the heart can visually evaluate the work of different departments of heart valves, determine the thickness of the muscle, the presence of reverse casting of blood.
X-ray examination helps to diagnose the extension of individual parts of the heart and aorta. Sometimes, this is done using a variant of the contrasting of the esophagus. In this case, the patient takes a swallow of contrast medium and radiologist is watching his progress. Under certain heart defects increased camera causing the deflection of the esophagus. On this basis it is possible to ascertain the presence of anatomical defects.