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Features of mitral valve prolapse 2nd degree

Causes of congenital anomalies is not clear. Assume it has to do with the weak from birth connective tissue, which is formed by the valve apparatus. This changes the structure of the papillary muscles, there are additional chords, you change their length, perhaps a wrong attachment. It is known that MCP is inherited.
Usually, people who have this defect, tall, thin, with long limbs. Congenital prolapse of 2 degrees is usually not considered a disease, has a favorable course and in the absence of symptoms does not require treatment.

Acquired mitral valve prolapse can develop in diseases such as myocardial infarction, acute rheumatic fever, ischemic heart disease, systemic lupus erythematosus. Another reason – injuries to the thorax.

Mitral valve prolapse is frequently observed in congenital brittle bones and hyperthyroidism.


Prolapse second degree rarely gives complications. The most common complication of this disease is mitral valve insufficiency. It often happens when significant deformation of the valve apparatus and severe regurgitation.

Pregnancy prolapse 2nd degree

In the presence of the diagnosis of pregnancy possible in the absence of symptoms. As a rule, in this case pregnancy and give birth without any complications. Throughout the period of gestation a woman should be seen by a cardiologist in order to avoid adverse effects on the fetus.

Prolapse 2nd degree in children

Children with congenital bulging of the mitral valve can have the following pathology:

  • hip dysplasia;
  • scoliosis;
  • flat feet;
  • strabismus;
  • nephroptosis;
  • varicocele;
  • hernias are umbilical and inguinal.

Children with secondary mitral valve prolapse second degree in the fall and winter often catch colds in autumn and winter, constantly sick with tonsillitis. They can experience weakness and dizziness, quickly get tired, have shortness of breath, occasional fainting. Children are too touchy and irritable, quickly turned, falling into depression. This condition requires the intervention of a cardiologist.

Prolapse of 2 degree and military service

In most cases, this anomaly is not a contraindication for military service. Suitability for service is determined not by the degree of deflection of the flaps, and the functionality of the valve device, i.e. the amount of blood that it flows back into the left atrium. If a young person has mitral valve prolapse second degree without a return of blood or regurgitation of 1 degree, from the armyhe is not released. Usually contraindications include prolapse of 2 degree with the regurgitation above the second degree. Young man with prolapse of 2 degree may be unfit for service in the presence of such conditions as impaired conduction, arrhythmias, and other.